Turkey is larger than Texas with a population of 70 million. Part of Istanbul is on the continent of Europe


The map below shows biblical places in Turkey. Here you see the seven churches mentioned in Revelation 2-3, Colossae, Hierapolis and other cities.



For tourists, there are modern hotels and lovely beaches.

We are on the far left in the group photo taken on our tour in May, 2002. Right: Verna on a camel.

Camel caravans stayed in "caravan hotels" in ancient times. The one on the right has been restored.

Above: Ruins of Antioch in Pisidia and part of the street where Paul walked.

We still have Paul's letter to the Colossians, but the city was destroyed and has never been excavated. Sheep graze on a mound which covers the city and only a bullet-riddled and bent up sign points to the site.

Ephesus was once a seaport but now lies five miles from the coast. Left: the theater where the people of Ephesus demanded Paul's death.  Right: the majestic library of Ephesus.

Above: Ruins of the theater in Miletus

Below: The theaters of Aspendos, Xanthos, Myra and Hierapolis.

In the photos below are the world famous hot springs of Hierapolis and calcified cliffs of Pamukkale.

 

An aqueduct fed water from the hot springs of Hieropolis to the city of Laodicea. By the time it was distributed by means of an elaborate system of terra cotta pipe, the water was only lukewarm and full of bacteria. Thus the admonishment of Jesus in Revelation 3:14-22. The partially calcified distribution pipes can still be seen. 

Below: The magnificent gymnasium and Jewish synagogue in Sardis

 

Below: Not much is left of the old city of Philadelphia, but the minaret of the mosque can be seen between the remaining supports of the Basilica of St. John. Smyrna is now the modern Turkish seaport of Izmir. Only a few pillars remain of the old city.

The most fascinating part of Turkey is Cappadocia, where early Christians carved homes in the weather-sculptured mountains of lava and stone.

The remains of frescos in a few historic Christian churches have been uncovered and restored for the sake of tourism, but the Turks call these museums and not churches!